What makes physical wellness so important? Is it the desire for a healthy body? The need for proper health to fight against diseases? I believe it is to encourage proper bodily care to ensure that it can carry out all its duties without hindrance. So what is physical wellness? Physical wellness can be broken down into three parts: Nutrition, Exercise and Health.
Nutrition refers to the consumption of a nutritious and well-balanced diet. You get the energy and nutrition you need from food and drink. It may be simpler for you to make healthier eating choices if you understand these nutrition concepts. There are many different types of nutrients that can be found in all the food we eat. To simplify this, they can be classified into seven major groups:
- Dietary fibre
Taking care of our nutrition helps us focus on how to balance our daily food consumption by examining how people may utilise dietary choices to lower their risk of disease, as well as what occurs when a person consumes the wrong amount of a nutrient and how allergies function. Nutrients are the building blocks of life. People are more likely to acquire certain health disorders if their diet lacks the proper mix of nutrients.
Exercise is a little different. Any physiological action that improves or promotes physical fitness and general health and wellness is considered exercise. It is carried out for a variety of reasons. To help with development and strength, to prevent ageing, to strengthen muscles and the cardiovascular system, to sharpen sports abilities, to lose or maintain weight, to promote health, or just for fun. Many people prefer to exercise outside since it allows them to interact, congregate in groups, and enhance their physical and mental health. Statistically, exercise has proven to be essential for a healthy lifestyle. This was shown through a study by Sodergren et. al. (2008). Exercise can be broken down into three types: Aerobic, Anaerobic and flexibility exercises.
Aerobic exercise is a type of low- to high-intensity physical activity that relies on the aerobic energy-generating mechanism. Running or jogging, swimming, cycling, stair climbing, and walking are all examples of aerobic exercise. The anatomical range of motion in a joint or set of joints, as well as the length of muscles that cross the joints to produce a bending movement or motion, are referred to as flexibility exercises. Lunges, squats, and sit-ups are examples of flexibility exercises. Anaerobic activity is more intense than aerobic exercise, although it lasts less time. These include high-intensity workouts like sprints and weight training.
Health is more than just the absence of sickness or weakness; it is a condition of total physical, mental, and social well-being. Some of the most important strategies to preserve or promote good health are to eat a well-balanced diet, get enough sleep, and avoid harmful behaviours like smoking, drinking, and using drugs. Physical wellness involves making healthy choices in these categories:
- Consumption of alcohol and drugs
- Illness Prevention
- Physical Activity and Body Movement
- Sexual Health
Having good health, exercising regularly and a proper diet to promote nutrition is essential to improving an individual’s physical wellness. Physical wellness is important because your body needs to be healthy so you can perform to the best of your ability in all areas of your life (e.g. Family, work, school, friends, etc)
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Meaningful life – physical health. Head to Health. (n.d.). Retrieved April 20, 2022, from https://www.headtohealth.gov.au/meaningful-life/physical-health/physical-health
MediLexicon International. (2021, August 4). Nutrition: Nutrients and the role of the dietitian and nutritionist. Medical News Today. Retrieved April 20, 2022, from https://www.medicalnewstoday.com/articles/160774
Physical wellness. Health & Wellness. (2021, May 27). Retrieved April 20, 2022, from https://www.unh.edu/health/physical-wellness
Södergren, M., Sundquist, J., Johansson, S.-E., & Sundquist, K. (2008). Physical activity, exercise and self-rated health: A population-based study from Sweden. BMC Public Health, 8(1). https://doi.org/10.1186/1471-2458-8-352